UNDERSTANDING LOPE AND HOW IT’S MEASURED

You might be trying to determine the slope of a driveway, a sanitary sewer pipe or a parking lot. You may also hear someone mention that something has a percent slope. You can find zero percent slope by taking a pencil, ruler, or stick and placing it on your desk. Hold the object straight up. Straight up is 100 percent slope. Are you getting the concept? The slope is 50% if the pencil is held at a 45 degree angle. You can reduce it further to get an idea of the 10% slope, then 5, and even 2% slopes.

Slope plays an important role in many aspects of design and life, more than most people realize. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), sets and enforces design guidelines such as slopes of sidewalks, parking lots, and ramps. Sanitary sewer lines are typically installed at a slope of 2% so that water doesn’t run into solids, resulting in clogged sewer lines. Roads and highways are designed to allow rainwater to run off, but not too steep that it makes driving dangerous. There are literally thousands upon thousands of situations where slope is a factor in our daily lives.

In the worlds of Civil Engineering, Design, Landscaping, and Construction, slope is a common feature. Understanding slope and its workings is essential. Although we can talk and think about slopes, it is important to be able to calculate and use it.

Percentage of slope

How can you calculate the slope’s percentage? The slope can be expressed as a percentage. This is similar to the gradient. The rise and run can be converted to the same units. Divide the run by the rise. Multiply this by 100 to get the percentage slope. For example, 3.063 x 100 is 8.3%.

It is essential to have a basic understanding of slope measurement in order to be able to apply it to other situations. Let’s begin by considering using wooden stakes and a strong string. A string level can also be used. Finally, you can use a pocket tape to measure the slope of your ground. You can use the string level to tie a string in a straight line from stake to stake. Then using the tape measure to measure down from level the distance to a point on each end of the string. Next, measure the distance along the string from one end to the other. Take the difference between the elevations you measured earlier and divide it by the length you measured. This is where you can calculate slope as percentage.

Now that you have this basic understanding of how to measure slope, you can then see how a transit or builders level could be used to measure down from level. The transit level sights a level line (invisible since its a sightline) to the grade rod (also known as a level rod) at one point along the distance you are measuring slope from. A reading is then taken from the first spot to the second. Once you have the distance between the two spots and the distance from each spot at the level, you can calculate the slope.

Other tools for measuring slope include laser levels, slope meters, and inclinometers.

Construction can be very demanding. You will spend long hours on a site performing a variety of difficult and varied tasks. It is important that you allow enough time so you can make the most of your time. Laser measuring instruments are a cutting-edge development in the world of construction equipment that have made a serious impact on how easy it is to tackle tasks like Measure slope, determining elevation, and figuring out the grade of a particular piece of land you’re working on for a job.

 

Laser Measurement Tools Transform Construction

The best way to measure while working in construction was using a tape measure. This method can still be effective in determining some measurements. However, tape measures have physical limitations that make it difficult for certain angles to be determined on terrain with uneven or unstable ground. A laser measurement device makes the process a lot easier by digitizing the process. You just need to point the device in the direction you wish to measure and then check the display to see the results.

Laser Measurement Devices: The Advantages

The greatest advantage of using a smartphone is its ability to save money. Laser measuring instruments is the accuracy you can expect on the job. Conventional tape measures are useful but the accuracy of the device is not perfect due to human error or weather conditions. Lasers can be used to measure and record accurately, regardless of any external factors. This tech can transform your workday, regardless of whether you work outdoors or indoors.

You should bring your laser measuring devices if you are working on a construction job that involves determining the slope of an area. These devices can be used quickly and accurately to determine the slope. Consider bringing a few more Measurement tools to make your job easier. This guide will help you to determine the best way to bring your skis to slope-checking appointments.

Tape Measures

Tape measures are one of the easiest to use. measuring devicesThey are not required, but you should always have them in your field bag. If you have to measure distances simultaneously or you accidentally drop one of the laser measuring tools, they are invaluable. These can also be used to determine the slope of a grade, while your precision laser tools are being set up by another person.

Angle Measures

An Angle measuring tool helps you determine if a ramp is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act. It can also be used to check if a support has rotted or is beginning to sag. This tool can also measure the angle at the beginning of a straight slope, which will verify your slope readings.

Measuring rod rulers

Although measuring rod rulers are smaller than tape measures, they can be used more easily if you are alone. These Measurement tools are useful for both vertical and horizantal measurements when you’re calculating slope manually, and most of them are compatible with laser attachments for automatic readings.

Plan measures

Although it’s difficult to measure distance on paper using your rod ruler or tape measure, sometimes it’s necessary to confirm that your map or building plan scale is correct. A plan measure can be used to trace the area that you wish to measure, and get a precise measurement of the distance. You can also add to your slope-checking tools by checking out this selection Measurement tools available from Engineer Supply before your next contracting appointment.

Leave a Comment